Two absolutely identical kitchens with different lighting will look completely different. Some designers advise to start planning the kitchen with the distribution of light sources. How to light the kitchen so that it is comfortable and convenient for work.
In most kitchens, ceiling lighting in the kitchen is provided by one source.This option is effective only for small rooms. In a spacious kitchen for uniform light distribution, it is advisable to provide several lamps. In this case, the greater the number of light sources, the lower may be their power and, consequently, dimensions. Multi-position lighting can be arranged with the help of small lamps with halogen lamps.
Experts believe that you should not evenly fill the kitchen with a common light and suggest concentrating the ceiling light sources over its main functional areas: the working front, the dining table and the bar counter, of course, if there is one in your kitchen.
An unusual addition to the main lighting of the kitchen is the light inside the cabinets with translucent or lattice doors. Such a light source, first of all, has a functional purpose – it illuminates the inner space and the contents of the cabinet, thus turning it from a set of utilitarian objects into a fabulously beautiful entourage.
In the lower part of the working area, spotlights that are built under the countertop will be appropriate: they will emphasize the handles of the cabinets, which are an important element of the style of your kitchen.
For lighting the working area, two options for luminaires are most effective: a series of single fixtures mounted on the ceiling, and pinpoints that are built into the eaves above the top edge of the wall cabinets. If hinged cabinets in your kitchen do not have a cornice, you can arrange the lights on flexible or movable brackets.
Illumination of the working area of the kitchen is formed by local light sources. Keep in mind that the lamp will help the case only if it is located in a strictly defined place and at the required level, since the table top must be as well lit as possible. Incident light as much as possible should cover the area of the desktop, sink and plate. Sometimes there is enough lighting built into the kitchen hood. If the light from the hood is complemented by other lamps, choose spectrally close sources.
Separately, you need to stay on the island kitchen lighting. If a stove is located in the middle of an island kitchen, you should equip a working area with an exhaust hood with powerful built-in lights: so, together with the top general lighting, they will be quite enough for all kitchen tasks. If there is no hood over the autonomous working front, comfortable lighting can be created with the help of various luminaires on elongated cords. Their axes should not extend beyond the contour of the working surface, but best of all, if they intersect with the axis of the table top. The light from the hanging lamps should not hit in the eyes, so scattering “milky” lampshades are in this case the best solution.
There are two main options for placing the lamp in the dining area. If the dining table is located in the kitchen space freely, most often a single lamp is suspended from the ceiling above the table, the height of which is chosen arbitrarily, depending on specific requirements. Conveniently, if this height is adjustable: a high positioned lamp will make the table more solemn, and a low one – “chamber” and cozy. It is necessary that the entire surface of the table was covered by a spot of light, so the main requirement for a lampshade above the table is that it provides an intense light directed towards the tabletop.
The space above the large dining table can also be identified by a group of small lamps on long bases, which were discussed above. These lamps can be arranged in a geometric order and arbitrarily, vary the length of the rod, thereby creating various original compositions.
A table standing by the wall can be lit with one or two sconces, which are mounted at a height of about one meter from the level of the table top.Conveniently, if the sconces are equipped with long brackets, and the luminous flux will be directed downwards. No less appropriate on this table will look and high table lamp with a dense shade, which not only decorate your kitchen space, but also becomes an indispensable complement to the evening and night gatherings.
Of course, you need to remember that the lamps should be an integral part of the kitchen interior and not be dissonant with its overall style.
Luminaires equipped with resistors will allow you to create lighting in the kitchen that is appropriate for a particular occasion – festive or romantic, intimate chamber lighting.